Your donation can help a young person get out of a life of misery, drugs and poverty. The word favela is commonly associated with the word slum, shantytown, squatter community or ghetto. Each of these words carries a negative connotation, slum implies squalor, shantytown suggests precarious housing, squatter community hints at illegality and ghetto presupposes violence. None of these definitions do justice to the richness of favela culture or acknowledge the historical place of the favela in Brazilian history.
Infection rate soars in Rio's favelas
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A favela typically comes into being when squatters occupy vacant land at the edge of a city and construct shanties of salvaged or stolen materials. Some have identified the origins of the favela in the Brazilian communities formed by impoverished former slaves in the late 19th century, but it was the great wave of migration from the countryside to the cities from the s to the s that was primarily responsible for the proliferation of favelas in Brazil. Poor and confronted with exorbitant costs for scarce land and housing, those rural migrants had little choice but to become squatters. From to the number of people living in favelas in Rio de Janeiro alone increased from about , to more than ,, and by the early 21st century it was estimated that there were as many as 1, favelas there. There are a variety of theories regarding how and when the term favela was first applied to squatter communities. It seems likely that it was taken from the name of a plant Jatropha phyllacantha native to rural northeastern Brazil. Favelas are located most often on the periphery of large cities. Some of the best-known favelas are those that cling to steep hillsides in Rio de Janeiro. Favela housing generally begins with makeshift structures fashioned from wood scraps and daub. Over time more-durable materials such as brick, cinder blocks, and sheet metal are incorporated.
Favelas hit by pandemic
In highly urbanized Latin America, one third of all city dwellers live in informal conditions. In the city of Rio, close to 1. There are over favelas in Rio. They range from newer or more challenged communities with slum-like conditions and a desire to resettle, to functional, vibrant neighborhoods determined to maintain their qualities and continue developing in their own extraordinary ways. Residents put decades-worth of income and physical labor into the construction and consolidation of their homes. This shift corresponded with a